Wood planes hand planer Woodworking 3-1/2inch 90mm wood shaver

Planer is a woodworking tool used to plan straight, thin, polish, and flatten objects. Judging from the cultural relics excavated, China had a planer in Song and Yuan dynasties at the latest. The application of the plane makes the furniture advance by leaps and bounds. The development of hardwood furniture in China at the end of the Ming Dynasty exploded and soon affected the court. No nation in the world has used such hard wood to make furniture. This is a distinctive value of the Chinese. Our hardwood sinks when it enters water, has a high specific gravity, and has a very good texture. The gloss is dark like red sandalwood.
A plane is a tool for smoothing wood and other materials. The plane is said to be made by ancient Chinese craftsman Lu Ban.
A woodworking tool used to plan, plan, straighten, and thin wood. It is generally composed of planer body (planing hall, notch), planer blade (also called planer blade), wedge wood and other parts. According to the length, shape and function of the planer, it can be divided into long planer, medium planer, short planer, smooth planer (fine planer), curved planer, wire planer, notch planer, seat planer, horizontal planer, etc.
Flat push planes have been widely used in the Roman period. A flat push plane similar to the modern style was found in a shipwreck in the Yuan Dynasty found in Heze, Shandong. There are many theories about the invention of the plane, but due to the lack of specific historical basis, it is impossible to prove whether the plane was introduced from abroad or was invented by our ancestors before the Yuan Dynasty. But ancient flat wooden tools existed as early as the Tang Dynasty.
The invention of the flat pusher has technically supported the changes in Chinese furniture, and this change is reflected in a series of ancient Chinese paintings.
What role does the cover blade on the plane play?
2 functions:
1. Increase the rigidity of the planer to avoid "trembling" of the planer when planing.
2. Take it, the cover iron is close to the cutting edge, which can curl the shavings in advance to facilitate the cutting of the planer and tear the wood fiber to avoid the further expansion of the tear during the stubble. This is also the reason why some Japanese planers also have iron covers. The thickness of the planer is just the same, and there is no rigidity problem. Gaitie should be carefully polished when it is new.

The types and uses of planes commonly used in woodworking are introduced. The only tool for fine processing of the wood surface is the woodworking plane. The process of repeatedly planing the wood surface, chiseling and sawing the wood surface, is often called "planing" and " "Clean materials", this process should be said to be very important in the woodworking industry.
Woodworking planers are divided into three types in terms of styles: Chinese planers, European planers, and Japanese planers. Chinese and European planers are push planers, and Japanese planers are pull planers. Among them, our common Chinese-style woodworking plane was not invented by us Chinese. It was introduced to China during the Yuan Dynasty, and later modified according to the needs of carpenters, and finally formed the look we see now. Each style has a different production process. For example, the plane body of Chinese woodworking plane and Japanese woodworking plane is made of wood, while the plane body of European woodworking plane is made of iron or copper, and there are many spare parts, so European plane The price will be much more expensive than the other two.
Woodworking planes are divided into flat push planes and special planes (special planes include: bird plane, shoulder plane, groove plane, clear bottom plane, trimming plane, etc.). First of all, no matter what type of woodworking plane, even if the same type (for example, shoulder plane), there is a difference between high and low angles.
The angle of the woodworking plane should be divided into two parts, one is the blade angle and the other is the planing angle. The blade angle refers to the angle of the planer blade itself, and the commonly used degrees are 25 degrees, 30 degrees, 35 degrees, and so on. The planing angle refers to the sum of the bevel angle of the woodworking plane + the cutting edge angle. For example, for a low-angle short planer, the cutting edge angle of the planer is 25 degrees, and the bevel angle of the planing body is 12, so its planing angle That is 25+12=37 degrees, usually the standard of the planing angle of woodworking plane is 45 degrees, so this 37-degree short planer is called a low-angle planer.